�� � w !1AQaq"2�B���� #3R�br� Polyhouse gave better response than open field conditions with respect to number of days taken to bud sprout (6.66 in July), per cent bud sprouting (85.50 in June), bud survival (91.25% in June) and sprouted shoot length (8.86 cm in July). While, fulzyme biofertilizer treatment recorded a significant increase in phosphorus content of the leaves and soil as compared with control treatment, which resulted in a significant increase in leaves sodium and soil pH. Effect of budding date and Chemical, Organic and bio fertilization on budding success of local orange and subsequent growth of the seedlings (PhD thesis), Genotypic amenability of guava for patch budding, STUDIES ON ORGANIC PRODUCTION OF GUAVA (PSIDIUM GUAJAVA L.) CV. To Study the suitable period of wedge grafting in guava under different condition of Chitrakoot Region. 3- Addition of Potsiomag biofertilizer resulted in an increment in budding success percent and most of vegetative growth (budding length and diameter, leaves number, leaves area, leaves dry weight, leaves chlorophyll, protein and carbohydrates content), and root growth (dry weight and dry matter weight percent), leaves nitrogen and phosphorus percent and potassium content of the soil. The result exhibited significant variation with respect to number of … Wedge grafting has a tremendous potential for multiplying guava plants rapidly throughout the year either in green house as well as in open field conditions. Raising rootstock polyethylene bag 3. Present study revealed that wedge method of grafting was tried in guava ( Psidium guajava ) cultivars Allahabad Safeda Lucknow 49 and Lalit under greenhouse (GH) as well as in open field conditions with and … Present study revealed that wedge method of grafting was tried in guava (Psidium guajava) cultivars Allahabad Safeda Lucknow 49 and Lalit under greenhouse (GH) as well as in open field conditions with and without polycap. Guava is commercially propagated through stooling, whereas, wedge grafting is most popular method among nursery men for preparing guava plants. Performances of the composite trees were evaluated one year following grafting. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The control trees of 'Sardar' and 'Allahabad Safeda' could give only 29.15 and 26.14 kg/tree respectively during this season. . Approach grafting/Inarching: Inarching or approach grafting is the oldest technique employed in many guava growing areas. The experimental material consisted of scion cultivar Allahabad Safeda. Methods The guava plants were subjected different grafting methods under different season of grafting for mass multiplication. Fruit quality parameters were also improved with application of different treatments. Pusa Urvashi. %PDF-1.5 methods of propagation viz., shield budding, patch budding, veneer grafting, wedge grafting and wedge grafting with polycap were tried on two rootstocks namely L-49 and local guava in both open and polyhouse condition. Unsubscribe from Thế Giới Cây Giống , Hệ thống phân phối giống cây trồng trên cả nước? The M. enterolobii treatments consisted of the rootstocks cattley guava plants (three accessions of Psidium cattleyanum) and common guava (control). %���� <> a- Zero. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Intertemporal partial budget analysis was used to work out net future values which along with annuities were compared to observe the economic efficiency of each treatment. 2 0 obj Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. ��(��sZ�Ь��L/DA���M&ݐ4W�[|R�R�6'�-�*9VA�y��)&��y�j�֖ћIeTwB�'�ʷ��N��#����V�&O��v@�3�����^l~"x��~���o�z8t���kˋ�k���\! Cleft Grafting Let us discuss today the Cleft Grafting or Wedge Grafting. And major diseases are wilt of guava, fruit canker, Anthracnose and Cercospora leaf … Grafting usually practiced in apple , pear, mango, guava, citrus , and mango. K and Ca contents were also higher (1.89,0.94 %) with application same treatment. Failure tends to be seasonal, but varies between nurseries. The grafting operation Maximum number of fruits and yield (283, 40.11 kg/tree) were recorded with application of 20kg farm yard manure along with Azotobacter (250 g). These rootstocks were grown in the field for one year and then grafted with scions of ‘Cox’s Orange Pippin’. Grafting is practiced to take the advantage of well developed root system of the rootstock. Wedge grafting: Percentage success of wedge grafting is higher than that of patch method of budding. Recent Developments in Vegetative Propagation Techniques for Guava In addition to commonly used patch method of budding following methods can also be practiced. Mould population (1.2 x 104 cfu/g soil) was improved with application of 20 kg farm yard manure + 250 g Azospirillum. 1- Spring budding dates (2 and 17 April) a. 2- chemical fertilizer (0 and 30 gm.seedling-1). Guava Wedge Grafting Sr no Parameters Standards 1. more number of leave and leaf area also. $4�%�&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz�������������������������������������������������������������������������� ? /College of Agriculture and Forestry during 2018 season to study the effect of two spring budding dates (2 and 17 April) of local orange Citrus sinensis on sour orange seedlings Citrus aurantium, and adding of chemical fertilizer (NPK), organic fertilizer (Nutrigreen) and the biological fetilizers (Biogeain, Potsiomag and Fulzyme) on the following growth of the budded seedlings. Thus, green grafting reduces time to produce grafted plants within one year, successes were higher and the process allowed the recycling of rootstocks when grafting failed. ' .)10. The present investigation entitled, “Studies on wedge grafting in guava (Psidium guajava L.) under polyhouse and open field conditions” was carried out at the experimental orchard, Department of Horticulture, CCS HAU, Hisar and in the polyhouse of the Precision Farming Development Centre of Department of Horticulture, CCS HAU, Hisar during the year 2015. b- Biogeain (3 and 6 gm.pot-1). The use of MS1/2 and the wedge grafting resulted in the overall success rate of 30% for the graft between P. cattleianum and Psidium guajava . Abstract . In vegetative propagation, wedge grafting is an easy and quick method of guava multiplication under mid hills of Meghalaya. Till date, there are several rootstocks evolved of which some have become commercial in many advanced countries. Wedge grafting in guava was carried out in four season viz., July (S 1), August (S 2), September (S 3 In case of grafting using root stock wedge grafting is done. Wedge Grafting in Guava (अमरूद की वेज … Fruit Plants Wedge Grafting. The study was performed by using split split plots within factorial experiment in randomized complete block design (RCBD), with 3 factors and 3 replicates, by using 5 seedlings for each treatment, so the number of seedlings will be 2×2×7×3×5=420 seedlings. followed by (2.59 %) with 5 kg vermi compost, while P was recorded maximum with BD-500 + cow pat pit (100 g) +5 kg Farm yard manure. A study conducted by Visen and Singh (2008) performed wedge grafting in guava cv. e- Nutrigreen organic fertilizer (6 ml.seedling-1). Wedge grafting is a method of vegetative propagation which is standardized in guava propagation gave maximum number of success than other standard methods of propagation in guava. Hisar Safeda, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Vinita Rajput, All content in this area was uploaded by Vinita Rajput on May 02, 2018, guava producing states are Madhya Pradesh, Uttar, stooling (Pathak and Saroj, 1988) and inarc, to give highest graft success per cent (83.33%). Size of polyethylene bag 18 x 20 cm 4. There are various methods of grafting (Tongue grafting, approach grafting, cleft grafting, wedge grafting, notch grafting and bark grafting). Keywords: Guava, wedge grafting, greenhouse, open field, days taken to bud sprouting, success of grafts Abstract Wedge method of grafting was tried in guava (Psidium guajava L.) cultivars Allahabad Safeda and Sardar under greenhouse (GH) as well as in open field conditions (OFC) for 3 consecutive years (2003-2005). The studied factors were as follows: Kala Amritsari, Early grafting of chestnut by green grafting. Pests and diseases: Fruit fly, Scale insect, Bark eating caterpillar and Mealybug are the important paste affecting the growth and yield of guava. In the apical wedge grafting method, scion of ‘Paluma’ cultivated variety was used. c- Potsiomag (5 and 10 gm.pot-1). The guava rootstocks were grafted at different time viz. In case of grafting using root stock wedge grafting is done. of wedge grafting in guava (Psidium guajava L.)” was conducted at Agriculture Experimental Station (AES), Paria. In guava it can be done by two ways: inarching and wedge grafting. )-,3:J>36F7,-@WAFLNRSR2>ZaZP`JQRO�� C&&O5-5OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO�� Z [" �� All rights reserved. endobj In this paper to study the suitable period of wedge grafting in guava under different condition of Chitrakoot Region in India. Polyhouse condition positively influenced the success rate and growth parameter under study. Type of rootstock Vigorous 5. Age of scion 3 to 4 months 8. 2. It decreased, 16.35 cm) after 60, 90 and 120 days after graf, Optimum temperature increases the chlorophyl, Khandekar, R. G., Dashora, L. K., Joshi, G, Traditional fruit cultivars are ontogenically very old, and therefore difficult to root. The study was conducted in the lath house / Hort. Grafting performed during second fortnight of February with grafts polycapped under open field condition gave highest graft success (83.33%), whereas minimum graft success (10.00%) was observed when the grafting was performed during second fortnight of January. The present investigation entitled, “Studies on wedge grafting in guava (Psidium guajava L.) under polyhouse and open field conditions” was carried out at the experimental orchard, Department of Horticulture, CCS HAU, Hisar and in the polyhouse of the Precision Farming Development Centre of Department of Horticulture, CCS HAU, Hisar during the year 2015. 1. We mainly use Wedge Grafting Tchnique for Guava Fruit Tree.Wedge Grafting is a common propagation technique used by fruit tree cultivators. Method of grafting Wedge grafting 2. takes two or three years, with an average grafting success rate of 65%; therefore, after three years there is a percentage of loss where plants cannot be reused due to deformations produced by the grafting process. rootstocks which came directly from micropropagation had many suckers and burrknots and usually had poorly developed scions. A study was undertaken for 6 years to find out the economically efficient treatment for crop regulation in guava (Psidium guajava L.). 1. To increase the success rate of in vitro -grafting, we used a sterile paper moistened with sterilized distilled water to prevent dehydration. Maximum sprouting was also recorded in the same treatment combination during November (96.08%), February (93.95%) and July (91.13%). Patch budding with 84.20 per cent bud sprouting and 80.25 per cent bud survival proved superior to shield budding in polyhouse, however 72.50 per cent of bud sprouting and 69.20 per cent of bud survival recorded in open field conditions. Appl. The graft take was the maximum at the height of 30 cm, while the minimum was noted at 15 cm. Horticultural University, Anantharajupet, Y.S.R. polyhouse condition. The treatment details are given below; Factor A: Grafting methods G 1 - Approach grafting G 2 - Wedge grafting G 3 - Side grafting Factor B: Season of grafting S 1 - Oct- Nov, 2018 S 2 ���� JFIF ` ` �� C The polycap used to cover graft union also plays an important role in success of graft union. Five methods of propagation viz., shield budding, patch budding, veneer grafting, wedge grafting and wedge grafting with polycap were tried on two rootstocks namely L-49 and local guava in both open and, Rootstocks have become a major component in present day viticulture. Propagation methods gave better results during June. Various types of graft failure occur, ranging from early scion death to scion buds that break, and then cease growing. Fruit Farming. The grafting procedure used was wedge grafting. The performance and success percentage of wedge grafting differs according to season and time in which it is performed. The rootstocks seeds are sown in … %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz��������������������������������������������������������������������������� 2. The temperature range of 24 to 26°C and 70 to 80 per cent RH were found most conductive for achieving maximum success. Various horticultural practices were Dogridge A as rootstock was proven most compatible with Pusa Urvashi as compared to other rootstocks. endobj Patch budded plants sprouted earliest during August (22 days) followed by July (23 Days) and June (24.25 days). Veneer, also known as bark or inlay, grafting is similar to side grafting and makes use of scions--cuttings a bit thicker than a pencil and 3 to 6 inches tall that include a few buds. The minimum number of days taken for bud sprouting was recorded in the treatment combination S2 M5 C2 (local guava seedling rootstock + wedge grafting with polycap under polyhouse) during February (9.17 days), followed by July (9.70 days) and November (12.56 days) months. Introduction: What is Cleft grafting? Season of grafting was found to exert significant influence on success of wedge grafting in guava. Effect of rootstock thickness on wedge grafting in guava (Psidium guajava L.) under different growing conditions Author(s): Ashok Kumar, Devender Chahal, Arvind Malik, Sarita Devi and OP Bishnoi Recent Developments in Vegetative Propagation Techniques for Guava In addition to commonly used patch method of budding following methods can also be practiced. more number of leave and leaf area also. Total bacterial count (8.1 x 106 cfu /g soil) was recorded with application of 10Kg farm yard manure and BD-500. Type of rootstock Vigorous 5. A study conducted by Visen and Singh (2008) performed wedge grafting in guava cv. 4- Interaction between the factors resulted in a significant superiority in the studied characteristics, as the interaction between 0 NPK + 5 and 10 gm.pot-1 of Potsiomag bio fertilizer for the first budding date seedling have the highest values of budding success percent, budding length and diameter, leaves number, leaves area, leaves wet and dry weight, leaves chlorophyll, protein and carbohydrates content, dry weight of the roots, leaves nitrogen and potassium content and available phosphorus and potassium content of the soil. endobj shield budding, patch budding, veneer grafting, wedge grafting and wedge grafting with polycap were tried on two rootstocks, namely L-49 and Local guava in open and under polyhouse conditions. 1- 2nd April budding date was superior significantly on 17th April date budding in budding success percent (44.76% and 31.42%, respectively). In the case of grafting using rootstock, wedge grafting is done. Failed grafts were pruned and rootstocks were recycled for traditional grafting with no apparent deformities. Keywords: Guava, wedge grafting, greenhouse, open field, days taken to bud sprouting, success of grafts Abstract Wedge method of grafting was tried in guava (Psidium guajava L.) cultivars Allahabad Safeda and Sardar under greenhouse (GH) as well as in open field conditions (OFC) for 3 consecutive years (2003-2005). The favorable condition prevailing inside the structure stimulating rapid Allahabad Safeda, Lucknow 49 and Lalit under greenhouse callusing and early contact of cambial layers, which enables as well as in open field conditions. Age of rootstock 8 to 9 months 6. xZ�MJk���A;Em�v���{/O���y�]��0x��!�}���^��R�~�Nj�T=K_e���Bpn��D�. Method of grafting Wedge grafting 2. Wedge grafting: Percentage success of wedge grafting is higher than that of patch method of budding. 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Experiment was conducted on bael to find out the economically efficient treatment for regulation! Split to about 4.0‐ 4.5 cm deep through the centre of the rootstocks cattley guava plants Dogridge as... Subjected different grafting methods ( wedge, side and bench grafting ) were tried 26.14 kg/tree respectively this! 1613 and H-110424 ) today, we used a sterile paper moistened with sterilized distilled water wedge grafting in guava dehydration... Bacterial count ( 8.1 x 106 cfu /g soil ) was improved with application of different treatments times, grafting.