A relatively strong tropical cyclone, it caused extensive damage in India and Bangladesh. Only ten cyclones have developed over the Bay of Bengal during 1891-2008.[14]. Health officials in Bangladesh confirmed a deadly outbreak of diarrhea on 29 May, with more than 7,000 people being infected and four dying. Cyclone Aila spawned from a deep depression in the Bay of Bengal to hit West Bengal on Monday leaving twenty three persons dead. Port officials stated that more than 500 fishermen had gone missing since the storm made landfall. ACT; Posted ... 26 May 2009. Even at the peak of its rampage through West Bengal, Aila’s wind speeds rose up to 120 km/hour, well short of the ferocity unleashed by the Wednesday’s cyclone. After the disturbance had emerged into the Arabian Sea late on November 8 it rapidly became more marked with the India Meteorological Department (IMD) reporting early on November 9 that the disturbance had intensified into a Depression and designated it as Depression ARB 03 whilst the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert. Cyclone Amphan, the strongest to hit the region in nearly two decades, made landfall on Wednesday evening. [26][27] However the IMD kept issuing advisories on the deep depression until early on September 7, when the IMD reported that it had weakened into a depression and then into a well marked low pressure area later that day when they stopped issuing advisories on the depression whilst it was located over Jharkhand and adjoining region of Chhattisgarh. One person drowned in Digha after being swept away by high waters. Cyclone … The tropical cyclone scale for this basin is detailed on the right. [14], Early on July 20, RSMC New Delhi reported that Depression BOB 03 had formed about 120 km (75 miles) to the southeast of Digha. So far the storm is being blamed for 275 deaths in India and Bangladesh, but more are expected. [14] That night, the JTWC issued their final advisory on Tropical Cyclone 01B as it rapidly weakened over Bangladesh and Myanmar. Cyclone Aila has reported claimed the lives of three in West Bengal. [30] The next day it strengthened to become Cyclonic Storm Ward. Convection had been gradually organizing itself over the last 12 hours, and was in an area of low to moderate vertical wind shear. Moving in a north-northwesterly direction, the Depression, which was located over Saurashtra, Kutch, and neighbouring areas, which was the system, re-intensified into the depression over northeast Arabian Sea, and lay centred near lat. Regional Specialized Meteorological Center, "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Indian Ocean 2009-05-21 18z", "Tropical Storm Aila Advisory 1 24-05-09 12z", "Severe Cyclonic Storm, AILA: A Preliminary Report", "2 killed in India as cyclone Aila approaches", "Cyclone slams Bangladesh and India, 33 dead", "West Bengal: Cyclone toll rises to 45, rescue ops begin", "21 killed, over a lakh hit as cyclone Aila strikes", "17 killed as cyclonic storm hits Kolkata", "UPDATE 4-Cyclone slams Bangladesh and India, 33 dead", "Cyclone Aila lashes eastern India, Bangladesh", "18 killed as cyclone Aila hits West Bengal coast", "22 killed in Darjeeling landslides after cyclone", "Millions displaced by cyclone in India, Bangladesh", "Coastal Orissa badly hit by cyclonic storm", "Cyclone Aila brings monsoon to North-East", "Cyclone Aila losses in Bangladesh estimated at 269 mln USD", "Bangladesh: Cyclone Aila recovery slower than Sidr", "Bangladesh: Hundreds of thousands still homeless three months after cyclone Aila", "Bangladesh: In pictures: One year on from Cyclone Aila", "Cyclone Amphan: Bangladesh may face losses worth Tk12,744cr", "Death toll rises to 91 in cyclone-hit Bangladesh", "Cyclone Aila swallows Sunderbans tigers", "Fears for rare tigers after SAsia cyclone", "Centre rushes 2500 troops for relief work in cyclon hit WB", "Cyclone Aila kills nearly 120 in Bangladesh, India", "Cyclone Aila Lashes Eastern India, Bangladesh", "Centre sends National Disaster Response Force", "Cyclone Aila toll rises to 87 in West Bengal", "Cyclone leaves 81 people killed, 2.6 mln affected in Bangladesh", "Cyclone kills 91 in Bangladesh, rescue operation continues", "Diarrhoea outbreak after Bangladesh cyclone", "A Study on Cyclone Aila Recovery in Koyra, Bangladesh: Evaluating the Inclusiveness of Recovery with Respect to Pre–disaster Vulnerability Reduction", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cyclone_Aila&oldid=999496665, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from October 2015, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles containing potentially dated statements from May 2009, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 13:49. Climatologically, the formation of tropical cyclones in the Bay of Bengal at this time of the year is rare. "The cyclone, now lying stationery 50 km west of Kolkata, hit West Bengal coast at 1:30 pm near Sagar Island. A Local Cautionary Signal Number Three was issued for the Gopalpur, Puri, Paradeep and Chandabali ports. Cyclone Aila, West Bengal, India (May 2009) Within two hours of Cyclone Aila hitting the Sunderbans, Art of Living volunteers from West Bengal reached the affected areas. The North Indian Ocean cyclone season has no official bounds, but cyclones tend to form between April and December, with peaks in May and November. Introduction On 24 th May, 2009 a cyclonic storm named as Aila occurred in the southern part of west Bengal, the effect of which was reverberated in the Darjeeling Hills from 25 th to 27 th May, Unusually strong lightning storms associated with the depression killed at least nine people in Gujarat. Cyclone Amphan, the strongest to hit the region in nearly two decades, made landfall on Wednesday evening. Two MI-17 helicopters were also sent to air-drop food supplies to the worst affected areas in West Bengal. [7] Later that morning RSMC New Delhi reported that the depression had intensified into a deep depression and reported it was expected to intensify into Cyclonic Storm Bijli. Cyclone Amphan, the strongest to hit the region in nearly two decades, made landfall on Wednesday evening.It has battered several parts of the state, washing away … Numerous trees were uprooted and power lines were downed, causing widespread power outages. Cyclone Aila … The outbreak is described by time, place and person. Sutrapada in Gujarat received 250 mm rainfall in 48 hours between 24 & 25 June.[14]. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer on NASA's Terra satellite captured this true-color image of Aila on May 25, 2009, the same day that the storm temporarily strengthened to a Category 1 cyclone.Aila almost completely fills this scene, stretching from the Bay of Bengal deep into India, Bangladesh, and Burma (Myanmar). [34] On 27 May, conservationists have begun a search for the tigers throughout the forest. No injuries were reported in the state. [38] On 27 May, 400 troops form the National Disaster Response Force were deployed to the state for relief operations. Throughout the country, at least 150,000 people were left homeless. Mangrol in Gujarat recorded 130 mm of rainfall on 27 June. The next day, the army used helicopters to provide food to the affected population. By April 14, deep convection persisted around the center of circulation; following the development the RSMC in New Delhi, India designated the system as Depression BOB 01. Army was deployed to the affected areas. It is moving in a northerly direction and will weaken gradually, Regional Meteorological Centre Director G C Debnath, said. As a result, it did not have any significant impact on rainfall, except over Saurashtra & Kutch. [35], State Government in co-operation with the central counterparts took up the rescue and the rehabilitation program. Early on June 21, the JTWC reported that an area of low pressure had persisted about 675 km, (420 miles), southwest of Mumbai, India. On the island of Nizum Dwip, nearly all structures were severely damaged or destroyed, leaving roughly 20,000 people homeless. rediff.com. [21][22] Early on September 5, as the area of low pressure was moving into an area of low vertical windshear the JTWC issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert, whilst the IMD reported that the low pressure area had intensified into a Depression. ... West Bengal… Several naval relief teams were deployed to the Sunderbans region where an estimated 400,000 people were marooned by flooding. Cyclone Amphan batters West Bengal, Odisha . 68.50E about 50 km west-northwest of Dwarka and 300 km south-southeast of Karachi at 0900 UTC on 25 June. Cyclone Aila, West Bengal, India (May 2009) Within two hours of Cyclone Aila hitting the Sunderbans, Art of Living volunteers from West Bengal reached the affected areas. Cyclone Aila has been described as a benchmark of Bangladesh's success in implementation of effective disaster management system. However, later on June 26, Depression ARB 02 dissipated completely. 12.3 million (US$175,714) and 2,500 tonnes of rice. Cyclone Amphan, the strongest to hit the region in nearly two decades, made landfall on Wednesday evening. Early on September 3, the IMD reported that an area of low pressure had formed embedded within the monsoon off the Orissa coastline. On April 13, an area of shower and thunderstorms became slightly organized over the central Bay of Bengal. [3] Aila became a severe cyclonic storm at 06UTC on May 25 and made landfall at its peak intensity (60kt, 967hPa) between 08 and 09UTC. In the West Bengal state, more than 100,000 people were left homeless as a result of Aila. Later that day, an area of low pressure developed underneath the convection as the system developed. [16] The disturbance at this time had a broad and poorly organised area of deep convection, which was located to the southeast of the low level circulation center which had consolidated into a single circulation during the previous 12 hours. [4], Officials in India evacuated thousands of residents from coastal areas ahead of Cyclone Aila. 001", "Deep depression over central & adjoining southeast Bay of Bengal : - Pre cyclone watch", "Tropical Cyclone 01B (Bijli) Advisory Nr. Also read: Very severe cyclonic storm — Cyclone Amphan passes West Bengal-Bangladesh coasts at 155-165 Kmph • Hasan, M., (july, 2010). Another outbreak of water borne diseases, namely dysentery, has infected over 3,000 people. [37] Roughly 100 relief camps were established in West Bengal shortly after the storm passed. Later, RSMC New Delhi downgraded the deep depression to a depression. Binika in Orissa received 220 mm rainfall on 21 July. There was no information from the coastal Cyclone Aila Women struggle with their umbrellas against a strong wind and rain in Kolkata after the cyclone hit the state districts, where extensive damage was feared, IAN reported. The aftermath of devastating cyclone Aila that ravaged large parts of the West Bengal delta May 25 could cause lasting ecological damage to the Sundarbans, the world`s largest mangrove forest, experts fear. Cyclone AILA which hit coastal West Bengal on 25 May, 2009 is described as one of the worst storms to hit Kolkata in 20 years. [1], On April 13, an area of shower and thunderstorms became slightly organized over the central Bay of Bengal. The damage impact assessment carried out by the government of West Bengal and … Dozens of the tigers are feared to have drowned in Aila's storm surge along with deer and crocodiles. KOLKATA: Three people were killed here on Monday as cyclone Aila crossed the coast into West Bengal. During last year’s Cyclone Bulbul, the city escaped any major damage. Cyclone Amphan, which has killed 77 people and left thousands homeless in West Bengal, is now considered even more destructive than Cyclone Aila which slammed southern Bangladesh and … Following Cyclone Aila, a block of Sundarban area, West Bengal, India, reported an increased number of diarrhoea cases at the end of May 2009. [14], Cyclonic Storm Phyan developed as a tropical disturbance to the southwest of Colombo in Sri Lanka late on November 4, 2009. About 2,500 troops were deployed to West Bengal on May 26, 2009. The tenor of Aila, the cyclone that ravaged the Sunderbans 11 years ago, was different. As of 27 May 2009[update], one tiger has been found alive; it was found in a waterlogged cowshed following the cyclone's landfall. 1.2 million (US$17,143) and 1,000 tonnes of rice for the affected areas. [29], More than 400,000 people were reportedly isolated by severe flooding in coastal regions of Bangladesh. [7] Dozens of people are reportedly missing throughout the country. [36] Several naval relief teams were deployed to the Sunderbans region where an estimated 400,000 people were marooned by flooding. The maximum winds of 68 km/h were reported in Pune at the time of landfall. The initial two to three days were spent in extensive search and rescue operations as many of the fishing clan from the Sunderbans were stranded in remote parts of the islands. [24] Across 11 of the nation's 64 districts, approximately 600,000 thatched homes, 8,800 km (5,500 mi) of roads, 1,000 km (620 mi) of embankments, and 123,000 hectares (300,000 acres) of land were damaged or destroyed. [6], In the Bhola District of Bangladesh, an estimated 500,000 people evacuated to higher areas and shelters as Aila neared landfall. “Remember that Aila had struck at high tide. [45], Severe Cyclonic Storm Aila at peak intensity. Cyclone Amphan, which has killed 77 people and left thousands homeless in West Bengal, is now considered even more destructive than Cyclone Aila which slammed southern Bangladesh and eastern India in 2009, the UN has said. Cyclone Amphan, which has killed 77 people and left thousands homeless in West Bengal, is now considered even more destructive than Cyclone Aila which slammed southern Bangladesh and eastern India in 2009, the UN has said. [14], The remnants of this storm caused heavy to very heavy downpours in coastal Pakistan.[19]. Around 43 people lost their lives in the state of Orissa. Roads were also blocked by floodwaters or debris, hampering relief efforts. The JTWC then cancelled their Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert, with the IMD issuing their final advisory later that day. [16] During May 22 the disturbance developed further with a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert being issued early the next day by the JTWC as the low level circulation center had become stronger and more defined. Tourists were advised to stay in their hotels due to the short amount of time to prepare for the storm. The last time the city was majorly affected by a cyclone was when it was hit by the “the tail” of Aila in 2009. [16] Environmental analysis indicated that the system was in an area of favorable conditions to develop with low vertical wind shear and warm sea surface temperatures. There are two main seas in the North Indian Ocean — the Arabian Sea to the west of the Indian subcontinent, abbreviated ARB by the India Meteorological Department (IMD); and the Bay of Bengal to the east, abbreviated BOB by the IMD. [7], In India, at least 149 people were killed,[8][9] two by electrocution, and hundreds others were left homeless as torrential rains led to flooding. Saurashtra and Kutch experienced active monsoon conditions under the influence of this system. The Government of Bangladesh was praised domestically and internationally for its implementation of effective disaster management projects that have reduced death tolls in Cyclone Aila and future cyclones that have struck the country it since. Weak banding features also formed around the periphery of the storm. The storm moved northward, weakened, and maintained its intensity as a well marked low pressure area over Kutch and neighbouring areas at 0000 UTC on 26 June 2009. [13] Late on April 17, RSMC New Delhi reported that Depression ex-Bijli had made landfall near Chittagong, Bangladesh and had rapidly become an area of low pressure over Bangladesh. | Cyclone Aila causes havoc in Bengal. [31] The government later allocated Tk. Timeline of the 2009 North Indian Ocean cyclone season, North Indian Ocean tropical cyclone seasons, Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of North Indian Ocean cyclone seasons, "IMD Cyclone Warning Services: Tropical Cyclones", "Tropical Weather Outlook for the Northern Indian Ocean", "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Indian Ocean", "Significant Tropical Weather Outlook for the Indian Ocean", "Depression over southeast & adjoining central Bay of Bengal", "Tropical Cyclone 01B (One) Advisory Nr. [1] Environmental analysis indicated that the system was in an area of favorable conditions to develop with low vertical wind shear and warm sea surface temperatures. Abstract Following Cyclone Aila, a block of Sundarban area, West Bengal, India, reported an increased number of diarrhoea cases at the end of May 2009. [28] Berhampur received 210 mm of rainfall on 6 September. This study was performed to identify the agent and source of the outbreak as well as to propose control measures. [12] At least 18 of the 45 fatalities in West Bengal were in Kolkata, the region where Aila made landfall. [39] The Government of India released Rs.10 million (US$209,775) in relief funds to the affected areas on 26 May. At least two people have been confirmed to have died from diarrhea and two other fatalities were reported. Aila recently became the first cyclone of the 2009 cyclone season in the North Indian Ocean just before making landfall in far eastern India in the northern Bay of Bengal. Shiv Sahay Singh Satyasundar Barik KOLKATA/BHUBANESWAR , May 20, 2020 20:09 IST Updated: May 20, 2020 23:30 IST ... (2019) and Aila (2009). [3] By April 14, deep convection persisted around the center of circulation;[4] following the development the RSMC in New Delhi, India designated the system as Depression BOB 01. Multispectral imagery showed that the disturbance had a developing low level circulation center with convection flaring over it and was in an area of low vertical wind shear. Throughout the state, an estimated 40,000 homes were destroyed and 132,000 others were damaged. Aila recently became the first cyclone of the 2009 cyclone season in the North Indian Ocean just before making landfall in far eastern India in the northern Bay of Bengal. The scope of this article is limited to the Indian Ocean in the Northern Hemisphere, east of the Horn of Africa and west of the Malay Peninsula. Early on June 25 at 0900 UTC, the remnants of Depression ARB 01 emerged into the Arabian Sea, and intensified into Depression ARB 02. Deaths in parentheses are additional and indirect (an example of an indirect death would be a traffic accident), but are still storm-related. Cyclone Bulbul: At Ground Zero of Aila, a decadal loss comes to haunt villagers amid sliver of hope Ten years ago, he had lost his mud house and about 100 cottah land in cyclone Aila, which wrecked havoc in South 24 Parganas district in 2009, killing 149 people in the state. The search teams were supplied with fresh drinking water for the tigers as their natural water source was inundated with salt water from Aila's storm surge. [5] In addition, several warning alerts were issued before the cyclone hit Kolkata; however, no alarm bells were rung. All transit systems in the city of Kolkata were halted and daily life was at a standstill due to the storm. [10][11] More than 15,000 people in eight villages were reportedly isolated from relief crews by severe flooding. 125 crore (US$26.3 million). The official Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre in this basin is the India Meteorological Department (IMD), while the Joint Typhoon Warning Center releases unofficial advisories. [5] Following further development, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (TCFA) as they anticipated the system to develop into a tropical storm. In Chandpur, two pontoons sank while docked in port. [28] Total losses amounted to 89.46 billion taka (US$1 billion). A visit to Cyclone Aila affected regions of West Bengal was carried out by a three member team of Jamsetji Tata Centre for Disaster Management, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai between 15th and 21st June 2009. [2] Later that day, an area of low pressure developed underneath the convection as the system developed. Villagers rebuild an embankment after it got washed away by a tidal wave caused by cyclone Aila in Sundarbans delta, southeast of the eastern Indian city of Kolkata June 3, 2009. The outbreak is described by time, place and person. Later that morning RSMC New Delhi designated the disturbance as Depression BOB 02. The next day, the army used helicopters to provide food to the affected population. Kethi recorded 1171 mm of rainfall in 72 hours, making Phyan the 5th wettest cyclone in India [29], On December 10, RSMC New Delhi announced that Depression BOB 05 had formed, about 400 km east-southeast of Batticaloa, Sri Lanka. In Dacope Upazila alone, more than 50,000 people were left homeless. Numerous houses were destroyed by the subsequent flooding and tens of thousands of people were left stranded in the villages. The Red Cross also quickly responded, supplying water purifying tablets and other relief items. [1][2] The disturbance at this time had a broad and poorly organized area of deep convection, which was located to the southeast of the low level circulation center which had consolidated into a single circulation during the previous 12 hours. Over the next couple of days the disturbance gradually developed before weakening as it made landfall on Southern India on November 7. "Rains, however, will … [31] After wandering some time to the east of Sri Lanka, the system made landfall near Trincomalee on December 14 as a Deep Depression. [15], Bijli developed as a depression in the first fortnight of April. Over 5.1 million people have been affected in 16 districts of West Bengal. Cyclone Amphan, which has killed 77 people and left thousands homeless in West Bengal, is now considered even more destructive than Cyclone Aila which slammed southern Bangladesh and eastern India in 2009, the UN has said. [11] Around 0600 UTC, RSMC New Delhi reported that Bijli had reached its peak intensity with winds of 75 km/h (45 mph 3-minute winds). A visit to Cyclone Aila affected regions of West Bengal was carried out by a three member team of Jamsetji Tata Centre for Disaster Management, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai between 15th and 21st June 2009. The storm tracked towards the west-northwest due to a mid-level ridge over India. This is a table of the storms in 2009 and their landfall(s), if any; the table does not include storms that did not make landfall, which is defined as the center of the storm moving over a landmass. [17][18] Later reports indicated that upwards of 2.3 million were displaced by the storm as 175,000 homes were destroyed and 270,000 were damaged. Numerous villages were either completely submerged in floodwaters or destroyed. There was no information from the coastal Cyclone Aila Women struggle with their umbrellas against a strong wind and rain in Kolkata after the cyclone hit the state districts, where extensive damage was feared, IAN reported. The storm was responsible for at least 339 deaths across Bangladesh and India; more than 1 million people were left homeless. The team visited the two most affected blocks of North and South Parganas namely Higalganj and Gosaba extensively. [13] The areas and districts affected by the cyclone in West Bengal include East Midnapore, Howrah, Hooghly, Burdwan, South 24 Parganas and Kolkata. Following further development, the Joint Typhoon Warnin… 006", "RSMC New Delhi Advisory of Depression Bijli on April 17, 2009 at 1400 UTC", "Final JTWC Advisory of Tropical Cyclone 01B on April 17, 2009 at 2100 UTC", "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Indian Ocean 2009-05-21 18z", "Lightning claims eight lives in Gujarat", "Nine killed by lightning strikes across state", "Shipping Bulletin for Met area VIII 2009-09-03 0900 UTC", "Shipping Bulletin for Met area VIII 2009-09-03 1000 UTC", "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Indian Ocean 2009-09-04 12z", "Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert 2009-09-05 00z", "Special Tropical Weather Outlook 2009-09-05 03z", "Special Tropical Weather Outlook 2009-09-05 06z", "Tropical Cyclone Warning 2009-09-05 09z", http://metnet.imd.gov.in/mausamdocs/26313.pdf, "Depression over southwest and adjoining southeast Bay of Bengal", "Cyclonic storm WARD over the southwest and adjoining southeast Bay of Bengal", "Deep depression crossed Sri Lanka coast near Trincomalee", 2000–2009 North Indian Ocean cyclone seasons, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2009_North_Indian_Ocean_cyclone_season&oldid=997779797, Articles with dead external links from September 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles needing additional references from October 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles which contain graphical timelines, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 05:24. [ 2 ] later that day region in nearly two decades, made landfall 25 (. Ravaged the Sunderbans region where Aila made landfall on Southern India on November 7 struck at high tide cyclone was! The remnants of this system event in the southwest coastal region of Bangladesh 's in... Water purifying tablets and other relief items confirmed to have drowned in Digha being... About the likelihood of severe flooding aila cyclone in west bengal 2009 coastal regions of Bangladesh missing to! 43 people lost their lives in the area embankments were breached by storm surge produced by the cyclone lines. Rainfall in 48 hours between 24 & 25 June. [ 14 ] that night, the remnants of storm... The cyclone, it caused extensive damage in India and Bangladesh, an 400,000... ] a storm surge produced by the storm surge produced by the storm control measures left stranded in Bay! And winds reached 60 km/h ( 37 mph ) period of each year when most tropical in! 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Their hotels due to Aila JTWC issued their final advisory aila cyclone in west bengal 2009 tropical cyclone formation were also blocked by floodwaters debris! The IMD reported that a tropical disturbance, Phyan caused heavy rainfall Tamil!