Endosulfan Poisoning in Kasargod, Kerala, India 1 Report of a Fact Finding Misssion Over the past 2 ‰ decades, the pesticide endosulfan has been aerially sprayed on a cashew nut plantation covering several villages in Kasargod District, Kerala State, India. This inspired protests, and the pesticide was banned in ... British photographer Beatriz Lopez and Peter Caton visit Kasargod district in north Kerala, whose residents have been plagued by the spraying. Endosulfan is a mixture of two isomers alpha-endosulfan and beta endosulfan mixed in the ratio 70:30 respectively. In 2011, SC banned the production, distribution & use of endosulfan in India. Endosulfan was the only pesticide applied to cashew plantations in the villages for 20 years, and had contaminated the village environment. 0000001059 00000 n endosulfan spraying. endosulfan has been banned since 2004, and yet, the Pollution Control Board (PCB) of Kerala during its monitoring (2008-10) revealed endosulfan residues in the water resources, including in the Shiriya river in Kasargod district. ENDOSULFAN KERALA STORY PDF - Endosulfan is an off-patent organochlorine insecticide and acaricide that is being phased out .. Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available: Anti-Endosulfan Committee, Democratic Youth Federation of India (Kerala wing), Endosulfan Apamaana Vimochana Samiti, Endosulfan-affected Peoples' Front, Pesticide Action Network, Thanal campaigning, Endosulfan Peeditha Janakeeya Munnani, HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...), Mobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt. The side-effects of pesticide spray in cashew plantations are not restricted only in that district rather it was spread into the neighboring districts Karnataka, adjacent to Kasaragod [4]. Endosulfan is a globally used as an organo chlorine pesticide . My Journey through India’s Green Movement, Viking, Gurgaon. The estate has 113 workers, 18 staff and 6 officer as employees. 0000005232 00000 n The endosulfan controversy first began in the late 1990s. Plantation Corporation of Kerala, a state government enterprise has cultivated cashew plant in the vast areas of this district. The government estimates 710 people had died due to ill effects of aerial spraying of Endosulfan in cashew plantations in 4,696 hectares in the northern district from 1976 to 2000. startxref The estate is spread over 2190 Ha. Biological Diversity Act, 2002http://nbaindia.org/content/25/19/1/act.html, The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974http://www.moef.nic.in/legis/water/wat1.html, Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutantshttp://chm.pops.int/default.aspx, The air (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1981http://envfor.nic.in/legis/air/air1.html, The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986http://envfor.nic.in/legis/env/env1.html, Down to Earth Report 2http://endosulphanvictims.org/resources/DTE_Report2.pdf, Endosulfan Poisoning and the Struggle of the community in Kasaragod to regain life and the living landhttp://thanal.co.in/uploads/resource/document/Endosulphan-posoning-kazargod-kerala-69462114.pdf, Down to Earth Reporthttp://endosulphanvictims.org/resources/DTE_Report1.pdf, REPORT ON MONITORING OF ENDOSULFAN RESIDUES IN THE 11 PANCHAYATHS OF KASARAGOD DISTRICT, KERALAhttp://www.cseindia.org/userfiles/endo_report1.pdf, A critique of the epidemiological studies on health in allegedly endosulfan-affected areas in Kasaragod, Keralahttp://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/104/01/0016.pdf, Sunita Narain, Conflict of Interest. This district is famous for its cashew plantation. This one is a Traditional water source, Suranga Land, People, Tradition, Culture. 0000000656 00000 n This inspired protests, and the pesticide was banned in It is used in crops like cereals, coffee, cotton, fruit, oil seeds, potato,tea and vegetables. (MS) No. %PDF-1.5 %���� The report was released in two parts on January and July, The study pointed out that use of same pesticide for 20 years was against the recommended practice of rotating pesticides. India’s Endosulfan Disaster – A review of the Health impacts and status of remediation October 2009 3 The aerial spraying of endosulfan over the cashew plantations in Kasaragod district in Kerala, India was started in 1978. The controversy for using the ‘endosulfan’ started emerging since the 1990s [2]. After the toxicity of the pesticide came into limelight in 2001 in Kasargod District, Kerala banned it. 0000001327 00000 n endosulfan isomers of 35 to 37 days at ph 7.0 and 150 to 187 days at ph 5.5.bio degradation may be an important fate process with a half- life of 11 weeks for endosulfan sulphate incubated with mixed cultures from a sandy loam soil. The Government of Kerala was therefore forced to impose a ban on the use of endosulfan in 2004. 0000001447 00000 n Rumors have started that the aerial spraying of endosulfan on cashew plantations is main cause of abnormal cases of many alignments for example; cancer, skin disease, congenital deformities, sterility and other illnesses [1]. These kinds of illness may not be due to Endosulphan alone [2]. The matter is highly controversial one and according to some reports what really happened in Kasargod is not very clear. Despite government promises, official efforts to … This district is famous for its cashew plantation. In this paper the endosulfan disaster of Kasargod is approached through the green criminological perspective of environmental harms. Kasaragod Estate is located in Kasaragod District in Kerala. The nodal medical officer of Kasargod district, who played a key role in Kerala’s campaign against the pesticide endosulfan, refuses to answer. x�b```f``������q�����bl@�q��Sۙ���pCƇ�}�]ؾpn����q���}�@�{|4�t9��Yp��mv���B�l岛m���>g�ܖ�e! 0000014941 00000 n Stories from Kasargod , fighting endosulfan to regain life and living land There are thousands of water sources in our village. Endosulfan is known to be an endocrine disruptor and a genotoxin20. endosulfan kerala story pdf Endosulfan is an off-patent organochlorine insecticide and acaricide that is being phased out .. In Stockholm Convention ’ held in Geneva is mainly promoted by the incidences in.! As the various groups formed Anti-Endosulfan Committee to form a pressure group to ban endosulfan to form pressure. 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